Private sector

Job title standardization through entity alignment of knowledge graphs

SDSC Team:
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The Adecco Group is one of the largest HR providers and staffing firms in the world. In order to find the best candidate for a given job vacancy, it is necessary to write precise job descriptions and to identify successful candidate profiles. Achieving this relies on curating unified and standardized job information. The focus of this project is on standardizing the terminology of job titles.


Job information is scattered across various homogeneous sources, such as ESCO or O*NET, that differ in the use of terminology and data completeness. To optimally leverage information from these sources, they must be unified and standardized.

One approach to achieving this is by representing data sources as knowledge graphs (KG) and applying a technique named “entity alignment”, which identifies nodes in different KGs that refer to the same entity (i.e. concept). KGs generally contain different types of relationships (edges) and different types of entities (nodes). Crucially though, all constructed Knowledge Graphs have one type of entity in common, namely job titles.

Examples of relationships are those identifying alternative titles (e.g. Software Architect vs Application Architect), job categories (e.g. IT professionals) or skill requirements (e.g. Python). Considering node connectivity and embeddings of job titles and their descriptions obtained from fine-tuned Natural Language Processing models, a Deep Learning model was trained to identify nodes that refer to the same job title. This hybrid approach allows to incorporate both semantic and graph-based similarity of job titles.


Aligned job titles as identified by the developed Deep Learning model are merged and represented by a single, standardized job title. Having a standardized terminology of job titles and their descriptions allows recruiters to describe job postings and assess candidate profiles more efficiently. This ensures faster and more accurate staffing, thereby raising labor productivity.


The SDSC would like to thanks the following people at Adecco Group: Pencho Yordanov, Riccardo Menoli, Sarah Mathews, Giovanna Favia, Helmi Boussetta, Marco Totolo.


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